Traditional Chinese Medicine
Traditional Chinese medicine and other complementary and alternative medicines, such as acupuncture, have been in use for thousands of years. Rather than focusing on individual organ systems, as western medicine typically does, traditional Chinese medicine focuses on the body as a whole. This focus is based on the belief that the body can develop illnesses when it is out of balance, with the goal being to bring the body back into its natural healthy equilibrium.
Health and disease are viewed as two different cycles, similar to ying and yang. Both cycles are viewed as being resistant to change, meaning that once healthy, it is easier to stay healthy than become sick, and visa versa. Noting this mentality, it explains why chronic diseases are so difficult to resolve, because it is a self-sustaining, highly-stable state of being.
Typical Chinese diagnostics take into account all manner of being, taking a very detailed examination to be able to account for as many inherent weaknesses that a body may have. This is then used to figure out the overall state of the body, which can then be used to treat a patient, or maintain a level of health. Treatment typically comes in the form herbal medicines, acupuncture, or changes in diet.